Researchers Investigate the Role of Arsenic in the Development of Diabetes

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A five-year, $2.7 million grant from the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences will help researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago answer basic questions about the role of arsenic in the development of diabetes and examine the mechanisms by which selenoproteins - found in the human body in 25 different forms - counter the effects of arsenic.

Colorectal Cancer: Routine Colonoscopies and Early Detection Can Save Your Life

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Newswise imageHaving a colonoscopy to screen for colorectal cancer is not on anyone's list of favorite activities. However, with colorectal cancer ranking as the second leading cause of cancer death in the United States, undergoing the outpatient procedure as per the Centers for Disease Control's (CDC) guidelines may be one of the smartest things you can do for your overall health.

UC San Diego Researchers Launch Combination Drug Trial to Eradicate B-Cell Malignancies

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Newswise imageFueled by a multimillion dollar grant from the state's stem cell agency, researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine, in collaboration with local biotechnology company Oncternal Therapeutics, have launched a phase Ib/II clinical trial to evaluate the combined effectiveness of a standard of care drug with a novel monoclonal antibody that target B-cell malignancies, which include leukemias and lymphomas.

Majority of Mining-Related Injuries and Illness in Illinois Go Unreported

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Illnesses and injuries associated with working in Illinois mines are substantially underreported to the federal agency tasked with tracking these events, according to a new study published in the American Journal of Industrial Medicine.The U.S. Department of Labor's Mine Safety and Health Administration requires reporting of injuries and illness sustained while working in mines in the U.

Cracking the Code to Soot Formation

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Newswise imageThe longstanding mystery of soot formation, which combustion scientists have been trying to explain for decades, appears to be finally solved, thanks to research led by Sandia National Laboratories.Soot is ubiquitous and has large detrimental effects on human health, agriculture, energy-consumption efficiency, climate and air quality.

Zika Virus Strips Immune Cells of Their Identity

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Newswise imageMacrophages are immune cells that are supposed to protect the body from infection by viruses and bacteria. Yet Zika virus preferentially infects these cells. Researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine have now unraveled how the virus shuts down the genes that make macrophages function as immune cells.

Bloomberg School Program Awarded $20.5 Million From Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation to Focus on Urban Youth and Reproductive Health

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A global program that addresses the reproductive health needs of people living in poor urban communities--The Challenge Initiative--has been awarded a $20.5-million supplemental grant from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. The award will allow the Initiative to focus more on adolescent and youth sexual and reproductive health issues. The grant from the Gates Foundation includes funds from Gates Philanthropy Partners.

NYU Awarded Boost of Over $65M for Research on Environmental Influences on Children's Health

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The National Institutes of Health (NIH) has awarded New York University nearly $66 million over the next five years to study how exposure to environmental factors influences children's health. This new funding is an extension of a previous award of nearly $15 million over the last two years from an NIH initiative called Environmental influences on Child Health Outcomes (ECHO), which investigates how a range of environmental factors in early development - from conception through early childhood - affects the health and development of children and adolescents.

Robot Helps with Early Screening for Alzheimer's Patients

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Newswise imageWhile many think of the progression of Alzheimer's mostly as a cognitive process, the mind and body are inherently linked. A new three-year project at Michigan Technological University, funded by the National Institutes of Health, explores that link.

Too Much Sitting - Nurses' Role in Educating Patients to Reduce Health Risks of Prolonged Sedentary Time

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Sitting for too many hours per day, or sitting for long periods without a break, is now known to increase a wide range of health risks, even if one engages in recommended amounts of physical activity. The health risks of prolonged sedentary time - and nurses' role in reducing those risks - are discussed in an integrative literature review and update in the September issue of the American Journal of Nursing. The journal is published in the Lippincott portfolio by Wolters Kluwer.

Genetics and pollution drive severity of asthma symptoms

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Newswise imageAsthma patients, with a specific genetic profile, exhibit more intense symptoms following exposure to traffic pollution, according to researchers at the National Institutes of Health and collaborators. The study appeared online in Scientific Reports.

NUS researchers use AI to successfully treat metastatic cancer patient

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A translational research team led by the National University of Singapore (NUS) has harnessed CURATE.AI, a powerful artificial intelligence (AI) platform, to successfully treat a patient with advanced cancer, completely halting disease progression. This new development represents a big step forward in personalised medicine.