Cracking the Code to Soot Formation

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Newswise imageThe longstanding mystery of soot formation, which combustion scientists have been trying to explain for decades, appears to be finally solved, thanks to research led by Sandia National Laboratories.Soot is ubiquitous and has large detrimental effects on human health, agriculture, energy-consumption efficiency, climate and air quality.

Zika Virus Strips Immune Cells of Their Identity

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Newswise imageMacrophages are immune cells that are supposed to protect the body from infection by viruses and bacteria. Yet Zika virus preferentially infects these cells. Researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine have now unraveled how the virus shuts down the genes that make macrophages function as immune cells.

Bloomberg School Program Awarded $20.5 Million From Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation to Focus on Urban Youth and Reproductive Health

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A global program that addresses the reproductive health needs of people living in poor urban communities--The Challenge Initiative--has been awarded a $20.5-million supplemental grant from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. The award will allow the Initiative to focus more on adolescent and youth sexual and reproductive health issues. The grant from the Gates Foundation includes funds from Gates Philanthropy Partners.

NYU Awarded Boost of Over $65M for Research on Environmental Influences on Children's Health

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The National Institutes of Health (NIH) has awarded New York University nearly $66 million over the next five years to study how exposure to environmental factors influences children's health. This new funding is an extension of a previous award of nearly $15 million over the last two years from an NIH initiative called Environmental influences on Child Health Outcomes (ECHO), which investigates how a range of environmental factors in early development - from conception through early childhood - affects the health and development of children and adolescents.

Robot Helps with Early Screening for Alzheimer's Patients

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Newswise imageWhile many think of the progression of Alzheimer's mostly as a cognitive process, the mind and body are inherently linked. A new three-year project at Michigan Technological University, funded by the National Institutes of Health, explores that link.

Too Much Sitting - Nurses' Role in Educating Patients to Reduce Health Risks of Prolonged Sedentary Time

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Sitting for too many hours per day, or sitting for long periods without a break, is now known to increase a wide range of health risks, even if one engages in recommended amounts of physical activity. The health risks of prolonged sedentary time - and nurses' role in reducing those risks - are discussed in an integrative literature review and update in the September issue of the American Journal of Nursing. The journal is published in the Lippincott portfolio by Wolters Kluwer.

Genetics and pollution drive severity of asthma symptoms

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Newswise imageAsthma patients, with a specific genetic profile, exhibit more intense symptoms following exposure to traffic pollution, according to researchers at the National Institutes of Health and collaborators. The study appeared online in Scientific Reports.

NUS researchers use AI to successfully treat metastatic cancer patient

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A translational research team led by the National University of Singapore (NUS) has harnessed CURATE.AI, a powerful artificial intelligence (AI) platform, to successfully treat a patient with advanced cancer, completely halting disease progression. This new development represents a big step forward in personalised medicine.

Fighting Obesity - Could It Be as Plain as Dirt?

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It costs the global economy an estimated US$2 trillion annually and has been dubbed a modern day health epidemic, but new research from the University of South Australia has unearthed a possible cure for obesity - and it is as plain as dirt!

Making Sense, Pictures of Medical Data

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Newswise imageA picture may be worth a thousand words, but what if you don't want a whole essay? A WashU computer engineer is building visualizations to clarify and condense health risk data for patients.

TAMAR MENDELSON NAMED BLOOMBERG PROFESSOR OF AMERICAN HEALTH

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Associate Professor Tamar Mendelson, PhD, an expert in adolescent mental health at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, has been appointed as a Bloomberg Professor of American Health. She will also serve, beginning in October, as the director of the School's Center for Adolescent Health, which works with community partners to improve the health and well-being of urban youth.

Study: Patients Do Better When Physicians Follow Computerized Alerts

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When physicians follow computer alerts embedded in electronic health records, their hospitalized patients experience fewer complications and lower costs, leave the hospital sooner and are less likely to be readmitted, according to a study of inpatient care.

Penn Medicine's Carl June Receives 2018 Albany Prize

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Newswise imageCarl June, MD, a gene therapy pioneer at the Abramson Cancer Center of the University of Pennsylvania, will receive the 2018 Albany Medical Center Prize in Medicine and Biomedical Research.

Research Shows More Seniors Are Happy Despite Cognitive Decline

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A new study, authored by Anthony Bardo and Scott Lynch, examines "cognitive life expectancy." What exactly does that term mean? Bardo, an assistant professor of sociology at the University of Kentucky, describes "cognitive life expectancy" as how long older adults live with good versus declining brain health.